Abdul Jawad A. K., Abdulrahman A. A., Abdoulfatah A. and Abdalfatah H. A.
Abdul Jawad A. K., Abdulrahman A. A., Abdoulfatah A. and Abdalfatah H. A. are Syrian nationals, former members of a combat unit belonging to Jabhat al-Nusra.
Abdul Jawad A.K., founding member of a combat unit belonging to Jabhat al-Nusra, and Abdulrahman A. A. and Abdalfatah H. A., who joined the unit at a later stage, have allegedly takenpart in hostilities during the capture of Raqqa.
In March 2013, together with other members of his combat unit, Abdalfatah H. A reportedly massacred 36 Syrian civil servants, who were previously sentenced to capital punishment by a Sharia court.
On 1 June 2016 Abdul Jawad A. K. was arrested by German authorities. Later, on 2 March 2017, Abdulrahman A.A. and Abdalfatah H. A. were arrested in Dusseldorf. They were formally charged with membership in a terrorist organization, murder, and war crimes, for their alleged involvement in the killing of 36 civil servants in Syria.
The trial is ongoing before the Higher Regional Court of Stuttgart.
On 13 January 2020, the Higher Regional Court of Stuttgart found four Syrian nationals who were former members of a combat unit guilty of membership in a foreign terrorist organization and breaches of the Military Weapons Control Act. Abdul Jawad A. K., the founding member of the combat unit, was also found guilty for the charge of murder and committing war crimes. He received a life sentence, in consideration of the particular severity of guilt. Abdulrahman A. A., Abdoulfatah A. and Abdalfatah H. A. had joined the unit at a later stage.
According to the judgment, Abdul Jawad A. K in November 2012 founded the military unit Mohamed Ibn Abd Allah to overthrow the Syrian regime and reorganize the Syrian State according to Sharia law. All four defendants took part in hostilities during the capture of Raqqa. In March 2013, the accused, together with other members of their combat unit, executed 19 Syrian civil servants taken prisoner in Raqqa. Prior to the execution, the civil servants had been sentenced to capital punishment by a Sharia court. Abdul Jawad A. K. personally executed at least two persons.