Alaa M. is a Syrian national. According to the arrest warrant, he worked as a doctor in a detention facility of the Military Intelligence Service in Homs (Syria). On 23 October 2011, a detainee suffered an epileptic seizure after being tortured during his interrogation. Alaa M., as a doctor in the facility, was asked to assist the detainee. However, Alaa M. entered the room where the detainee was held and started hitting him with a plastic pipe. The following day Alaa M. was again asked to assist the detainee whose medical condition had deteriorated. Alaa M., accompanied by another doctor, started hitting the detainee with a plastic pipe again until he lost consciousness. The victim died shortly afterwards, however the cause of his death has not been officially confirmed. According to the 2020 updated arrest warrant, Alaa M is suspected, inter alia, of having poured alcohol over the genitals of a 14- or 15-year-old boy, which he then ignited.
On 19 June 2020, the Federal Public Prosecutor arrested the former doctor and alleged employee of the Syrian Military Intelligence service Alaa M. under the suspicion of crimes against humanity.
On 16 December 2020 the arrest warrant was extended to cover allegations of killing in one case, torture in 18 cases, inflicting grievous bodily and mental harm in one case, severe deprivation of physical liberty in seven cases (one of which led to death) and deprivation of reproductive capacity in one case, all of which are characterized as crimes against humanity.