Ali Bin-Fadhul Al-Buainain began his career as public minister of the
Kingdom of Bahrain in 1985. He became public prosecutor of Bahrain on 24
December 2005. He has a PhD in criminal law.
In February 2011, there was a period of civil unrest in Bahrain,
highlighted by an uprising calling for political reform. On 15 March 2011, the
government declared a state of emergency. National security courts were
established and given legal powers. The military prosecutor was entrusted to
carry out legal proceedings.
On 1 June 2011, the state of national security was lifted. In parallel,
the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI) was created to investigate
violations against human rights that took place during the protests. On 23
November 2011, the BICI published its report, insisting on the need to proceed
with reforms to the judicial system, particularly the criminal authorities.
Throughout the uprising, numerous human rights defenders were arrested
and allegedly tortured; one of them, Jaafar Al-Hasabi, a British citizen borned
in Bahrain, was arrested in August 2010, allegedly detained in communicado, and
tortured for his political activities. He was allegedly victim of electric shocks,
beatings on the sole of his feet and that stress position. Al-Hasabi appeared
before the court of national security with 22 other political opponents for
belonging to, and for financing, a terrorist group aiming at the overthrown of
the government. Al-Hasabi was freed in February 2011.
Despite the United Nations concerns regarding the secret detention of
Al-Hasabi and the existing risk of torture , the public prosecutor,
Al-Buainain, authorised the extension of Al-Hasabi’s detention on two
On 8 September 2015, Al-Hasabi filed a criminal complaint in Bern
against the public prosecutor of Bahrain, Al-Buainain, for his alleged
participation in acts of torture. Al-Buainain was in Zurich for the
International Association of Prosecutors (IAP) conference on 16 September 2015,
where he was named vice president of the IAP executive committee