Eugène Rwamucyo

17.04.2023 ( Last modified: 30.03.2023 )
TRIAL International reminds its visitors that any person charged by national or international authorities is presumed innocent until proven guilty.


Awaiting trial for crimes committed during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda

Type of jurisdiction

Universal jurisdiction


Eugène Rwamucyo, Rwandan citizen, former head of the Center of Public Health of the University of Butare, Rwanda

Country of residence of suspect



Genocide; crimes against humanity

Current status

Indicted; awaiting trial; under judicial surveillance


Rwamucyo was the head of the Center of Public Health of the University of Butare in 1994. He is accused of having supervised the burial of Tutsi victims and of finishing off those already injured in the Butare prefecture.


On 23 April 2007, the Collectif des parties civiles pour le Rwanda (CPCR) lodged a complaint against Rwamucyo for his alleged participation in the genocide.

On 18 July 2007, the Prosecutor of Lille opened a judicial investigation, which was transferred to investigative judges of the Paris Tribunal in November 2007. CPCR was admitted as a civil party in the case at the opening of the investigation. The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) also became a civil party in 2010.

On 18 September 2013, Rwamucyo was indicted while under investigation (mis en examen) and placed under judicial surveillance.

On 19 December 2018, the investigative judge informed the parties that he had completed his investigation.

On 7 April 2020, the prosecution issued its final submission requesting that Rwamucyo be sent to trial on charges of genocide and crimes against humanity.

On 13 October 2020, the investigative judge referred the case to the Paris Criminal Court for complicity in genocide and crimes against humanity. Rwamucyo appealed this decision.


In September 2022, the Paris Court of Appeals rejected Rwamucyo’s appeal and confirmed the referral of his case to the Paris Criminal Court. No trial date has been set yet.

©2023 | All rights reserved | Privacy Policy | Statutes | Designed and Produced by ACW