Mustafa K., Abdullah K., Sultan K., and Ahmed K.
In November 2012, Mustafa K., Abdullah K., Sultan K., and Ahmed K. allegedly joined Jabhat al-Nusra (rebellious terrorist group) in Syria and fought against Syrian government troops in the city of Ras al-Ayn in northern Syria. Mustafa K., Sultan K., and other Jabhat al-Nusra members reportedly captured an official of the regime of Bashar al-Assad and forced his family to leave the city while plundering their possessions. The governmental official was found dead later.
In addition, alongside other Jabhat al-Nusra members, Ahmed K. is accused of threatening and thereby forcing the Kurdish population to leave the city. Indeed, the northwestern part of Ras al-Ayn was mostly inhabited by Kurds. Furthermore, Sultan K. and Abdullah K. allegedly took part in the hostilities against the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG).
On 12 June 2017, Mustafa K., Abdullah K., Sultan K., and Ahmed K. were arrested in northern Germany, and their homes searched.
Ahmed K., Sultan K., and Mustafa K. have been indicted for war crimes on 25 January 2018, while Abdullah K. has not been formally charged yet. Proceedings before the Higher District Court of Celle started on 20 April 2018.
On 13 December 2018, war crimes charges were dropped against Mustafa K. and Sultan K., while terrorism charges were upheld. Ahmed K. was acquitted of all charges. The investigation against Abdullah K. is still ongoing.