Ibrahim Al F.
Ibrahim Al F. is accused of leading the militia Ghurabaa al-Sham, which has been fighting government forces as part of the rebel group “Free Syrian Army”, in the Syrian civil war since summer 2012. Ibrahim Al F. and more than 150 men under his command allegedly controlled a district in northern Aleppo and frequently looted the surrounding areas. According to the charges, the defendant personally tortured and oversaw the torture (in at least one case to death) and abduction of several residents who resisted to the looting.
On 6 April 2016, German authorities arrested a Syrian national, Ibrahim Al F., in the Westphalia region. He was formally charged with war crimes and abduction for the purpose of blackmail at the Higher Regional Court of Düsseldorf on 27 October 2016.
His trial opened on 22 May 2017 in Duesseldorf.
On 25 September 2018, Ibrahim Al F. was convicted for torture and killing persons protected under international humanitarian law as well as murder, extortionist kidnapping and the commission of war crimes. He was sentenced to life in prison.
On 6 August 2019, the Federal Supreme Court upheld the conviction and life sentence.