06.07.2017 ( Last modified: 25.08.2017 )
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Ion Iliescu was born on 3 March 1930 in Oltenita, Romania.
In 1953, he joined the Romanian Communist party of which he quickly became one of the most preeminent and influential members. He maintained its membership until 1971 when he was expelled by order of leader Nicolae Ceausescu.
In the following years, Iliescu became the head of the opposition movement National Salvation Front which contributed to the ousting of Ceausescu in 1989. In May 1990, Iliescu was elected President of Romania and remained in the position until 1996.
Between 13 and 15 June 1990, confrontations between peaceful anti-government protesters and pro-government miners were violently repressed by governmental forces. During the demonstrations, known as the ‘Mineriad’, four people were killed, 1,388 were injured and 1,250 people were arbitrarily arrested.
In 2005, investigations for murder against Iliescu related to the quashing of the 1990 ‘Mineriad’ protests were initiated by Romanian prosecutors but discontinued two years later.
In November 2014, the European Court of Human Rights found the lack of effective investigations into the incidents occurred during the ‘Mineriad’ protests to be in violation of the right to life, the right to freedom from inhumane and degrading treatment, and the right to fair trial of the people involved in the demonstrations.
In October 2015, the Military Prosecutor’s Section within the Prosecutor’s Office attached to the High Court of Cassation and Justice Office reopened investigations against Iliescu for having decided, organised and coordinated a general and systematic attack against the civilian population during the events occurred between 13 and 15 June 1990 in Bucharest.
On 13 June 2017, the Prosecutor’s office indicted Iliescu for crimes against humanity.