Islam Alloush (also known as Majdi Mustafa Ne’ma) was a senior official and spokesperson for Jaysh al-Islam, an armed group mainly active in Eastern Ghouta (suburbs of Damascus, Syria). The group was allegedly involved in the forced enlistment of children in the armed group, kidnapping and torture.
Jaysh al-Islam is also suspected of being involved in the abduction and enforced disappearance of human rights defenders Razan Zaitouneh, Nazem Al-Hammadi and Wael Hamada; and the political activist Samira Al-Khalil.
On 26 June 2019, the Syrian Center for Media and Freedom of Expression, the International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH) and its member organization in France the Ligue des droits de l’Homme filed a complaint against Alloush for crimes committed by Jaysh al-Islam.
On 29 January 2020, Alloush was arrested in Marseille (France) and subsequently indicted.
In 2021, the investigative judges performed several procedural acts including hearings of victims, civil parties and witnesses.