From 1992 to 2001, Chen Kuyian was the first secretary for the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in Tibet. This post was considered to be the highest position in the autonomous region of Tibet (“Tibet Autonomous Region” or TAR) and has only been held by Chinese nationals since 1959.
Kuyian along with seven former high-ranked Chinese politicians are suspected of having committed or ordered the following crimes, committed in Tibet between 1971 and 1998:
-Genocide (including torture, forced abortions, sterilisations and displacement of Tibetan people, along with the murder of more than a million people from Tibet)
-Crimes against humanity (in particular religious persecutions, forced disappearances along with the murder of people from Tibet)
-Torture (14 charges, as well as the ill-treatment of political prisoners in Drachi and Gutsa, penal institutions in Lhasa, Tibet)
On 28 June 2005, the Tibetan Support Committee (Comité de Apoyo al Tibet), the Foundation “House of Tibet” (Fundacion Casa del Tibet) and Thubten Wangchen, a Tibetan in exile, filed a criminal complaint against eight defendants (including Kuyian, Deng Delyun; Hu Jintao, former secretary of the CCP for the autonomous region of Tibet from 1988 to 1992; Jiang Zemin, former President of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from 1993 to 2003, former Secretary General of the CCP from 1989 to 2002, President of the Central Military Commission from 1989 to 2004; Li Peng, former Chinese Prime Minister from 1987 to 1998; Ren Rong, Secretary of the CCP from 1971 to 1980; Yin Fatang, Secretary of the CCP from 1980 to 1985; Qiao Shi, Head of the International Liaison Department in China, Head of the Central Committee, member of the permanent Politburo committee, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress in China) before the Spanish National Court (Audiencia Nacional) on the basis of the principle of universal jurisdiction for crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, torture and terrorism, committed against Tibetans in the late 1980s and 1990s.