Lafarge / Eric Olsen and others

03.07.2019 ( Last modified: 08.07.2019 )
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Facts

Lafarge is a French company created in 1833 and considered as a global leader in construction material and as one of the major actors in cement, aggregates and concrete production. The company is present and active in 61 countries, including Syria. It merged with the Swiss Group Holcim in July 2015. The company declares a sales annual revenue of 8,6 billion euros in the sector of cement production. The Middle East is an important market for the company, with almost 5’500 employees in the region.

Lafarge Cement Syria is a subsidiary, almost 99%-owned by the French Group Holcim.

According to the 2016 complaint filed by Sherpa (a French law association whose primary mission is to defend and protect victims of financial crimes), the ECCHR (European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights), and eleven former Lafarge Syrian employees, the crimes allegedly connected with Lafarge’s subsidiary cement factory in Jalabiya, in northern Syria, were committed between 2013 and 2014. At this time, several armed groups operated in the region, including the Islamic State (ISIS or Daesh). Lafarge allegedly entered into negotiations with ISIS to purchase oil and pozzolan from them, as well as to obtain official ISIS permit for crossing checkpoints in order to maintain its production in the area.

Legal Procedure

In September 2016, the French Minister of Finance filed a complaint before the Paris prosecutor against Lafarge-Holcim for its alleged illegal purchase of oil in Syria, despite the EU embargo issued in 2012. The Paris prosecutor opened an investigation in October 2016.

On 15 November 2016, eleven former Syrian employees and the human rights organizations Sherpa and the ECCHR filed a criminal complaint as civil parties in Paris against Lafarge, Lafarge Cement Syria, and their current and former CEOs, for financing of terrorism, complicity in crimes against humanity committed in Syria and for a series of grave labor law violations.

On 9 June 2017, three examining magistrates of the Paris Hight Court (Tribunal de Grande Instance de Paris) started judicial investigation into the crimes alleged by the NGOs Sherpa and the ECCHR, and eleven former Syrian employees. In September 2017, three of the victims were heard by one of the examining magistrates.

On 13 October 2017, the plaintiffs filed a motion requesting that the examining magistrates summon a former French Minister of Foreign Affairs and two former ambassadors of France to Syria for questioning.

On 14 November 2017, French police searched the headquarters of Lafarge-Holcim in Paris. At the same time, the Belgian federal police searched the premises of Groupe Bruxelles Lambert (GBL), the second largest shareholder of Lafarge-Holcim, in Brussels.

In December 2017, six former CEOs and directors of Lafarge and Lafarge Cement Syria were indicted on charges of financing terrorism and deliberate endangerment of people’s lives, and some on the additional charge of breaching the EU embargo on Syrian oil – namely Eric Olsen and Bruno Lafont, former CEOs of Lafarge; Bruno Pescheux, CEO of the Lafarge Syrian subsidiary between 2008 and 2014; his successor, Frédéric Jolibois; Jean-Claude Veillard, Lafarge’s director of security ; and Christian Herrault, vice director at Lafarge. In March and May 2018, Lafarge’s human resources executive Sonia Artinian and former safety director at LCS, Jacob Waerness, were indicted on similar charges.

In June 2018, the enterprise Lafarge as such was formally charged with the crimes listed above.

In June 2019, the General Prosecutor’s Office of the Court of Appeal declined the prosecution for complicity in crimes against humanity.

Highlight

A step forward in the fight against corporate crime: France leads the way in the domain as shown by the amendment of its law in 2004 which allows the prosecution of companies for all crimes entailed in its Criminal Code (including core crimes such as crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide) – committed in France as well as abroad.