Leon Maro Ntumwa

06.06.2018 ( Last modified: 15.08.2018 )
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Lieutenant Colonel and Chief Maro Ntumwa, known as “Moroccan”, was the right hand of Bedi Mobuli Engengela, known as “Colonel 106”, a Mai-Mai militia leader. From 2005 to 2007, this militia group fought the Congolese army in order to take possession of Kalahe territory in South Kivu.

The group persecuted hundreds of villagers in complete impunity. During these attacks, male civilians were either killed on the spot or taken as prisoners to transport looted goods, while the women and girls were kept as sex slaves.

In 2007, the group was finally defeated and its commanders, known as “Colonel 106” and “Moroccan”, were arrested. The former has already been sentenced to life long imprisonment.

Legal Procedure

Maro Ntumwa was arrested in August 2014.

In 2016, a first fact-finding mission was conducted, followed by a second one in 2017.

Maro Ntumwa was prosecuted for alleged crimes against humanity (rape, imprisonment, and other inhumane acts), as well as war crimes (sexual slavery, looting, and the attacking of the civilian population and buildings dedicated to religion). He was also prosecuted for the participation in an insurrectional movement.

Maro Ntumwa was alleged to be criminally responsible as a direct perpetrator committing the crimes listed above individually, jointly, or through other persons. Around 50 victims and witnesses reported abuses incriminating him personally as well as the militia acting under his command. The accused already admitted to having participated in several attacks in various localities in the DRC.

His trial before a military court was opened on 13 April 2018. On 28 April 2018, he was sentenced to 20 years of imprisonment. Reparations were allocated to a dozen of victims for amounts ranging from 2’000 to 5’000 dollars.

Fact Sheet
Name: Leon Maro Ntumwa
Nationality: Congolese
Context: Democratic Republic of Congo
Charges: War crimes, crimes against humanity, and sexual violence
Status: Convicted and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment
Judgement Place: Kalehe, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Particulars: Arrested in August 2014, Maro Ntumwa was tried before the Military Court in South Kivu from 13 to 28 April 2018 for crimes against humanity and war crimes. On 28 April 2018, he was convicted and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment.