Lundin Petroleum is a Swedish oil company founded in 2001. It is one of Europe’s largest independent oil companies, whose main activity consists of oil production and exploration in Norway.
The second Sudanese civil war was fought by the Government of Sudan, the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), and other armed groups from 1982 to 2005.
According to a report published by a coalition of NGOs, the European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS), in 1997, Lundin Petroleum (then Lundin Oil) signed a contract with the Government for the exploration and production of oil in a war zone in southern Sudan, the Block 5A concession, which was not at that time under full Government control.
A civil war broke out between the Government and SPLA-supported armed groups for the control of the Block 5A.
In this capacity, the company allegedly paid the Sudanese army and non-state armed groups to forcibly displace the local population from oil-rich areas. Almost 200,000 civilians were forcedly displaced, and thousands died. Indeed, according to ECOS, 12’000 persons are believed to have died; killed, because of hunger, because of exhaustion, or because of diseases related to the conflict. Other crimes allegedly carried out to clear the land include unlawful killings, rape, enslavement, torture, indiscriminate attacks, pillage, and the recruitment of child soldiers.