Mohamad K. is a former member of the Free Syrian Army (FSA). He was accused of having committed war crimes in Idlib, Syria. Jointly with two other members of the FSA, Mohamad allegedly captured and detained two members of an armed group fighting on the side of the Syrian government for an unknown period of time between January 2012 and January 2013. To punish the detained fighters, Mohamad K. allegedly tortured the almost unclothed men by beating them severely and repeatedly with a cable-like object. The torture was filmed by another FSA member and published on YouTube. Those videos show Mohamad K. hitting the detainees on the soles of their feet, legs, upper body and back. According to the Tribunal’s findings, the beatings were reported to have been particularly violent and humiliating.
Mohamad K. fled Syria and was granted asylum in Germany in 2015. On 20 June 2018, Mohamad was arrested on suspicion of having jointly committed war crimes in the province of Idlib, northern Syria. The judge in charge of investigations ordered his pre-trial detention. In December 2018, Mohamad was charged with war crimes.
On 4 April 2019, the High Regional Court in Stuttgart found Mohamad K. guilty of war crimes and sentenced him to 4 and half years imprisonment.