Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka
Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka was born on 4 April 1976 in Walikale territory, North Kivu Province, in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Sheka established himself as a mineral trader in mineral-rich Walikale. In 2009, he founded the Mayi Mayi Sheka (MMS), a Congo-based militia group composed mostly of Nyanga ethnics that operates in Walikale territory with the objective of promoting the interest of Nyanga people and protecting mineral mines in the area from government control. Sheka served as Commander-in-Chief of the of the Nduma Defense of Congo, the political branch of the MMS ever since.
Between 30 July and 2 August 2010, the MMS was engaged in military operations, under Sheka’s command, against the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in and around the villages of Biruwe, Mabenga, Osokari, Kilambo, Kailenge, Boboro, Omate, Mubi, and those villages along the Kibua to Mpofi road in Walikale territory. During that time, almost 400 persons were abducted or subjected to forced labour and extreme violence, including of sexual nature, by members of rebel militias. In addition, private property in the villages was stolen.
On 30 August 2010, the military prosecution’s office at the Operational Military Court opened a judicial investigation against Sheka for crimes against humanity of rape, looting and abduction in relation to the 2010 incidents.
On 28 October 2010, Congolese investigators carried out a mission in Walikale to collect testimonies from victims and witnesses. The interviews of victims and witnesses were suspended on 30 November 2010 following threats from members of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda.
On 6 January 2011, Congolese judicial authorities issued an arrest warrant against Sheka for the crime against humanity of rape in relation to the 2010 incidents.
In July 2011, Congolese judicial officials, with the support of UN peacekeepers, unsuccessfully attempted to arrest Sheka when he sought medical treatment in Goma, North Kivu.
In October 2011, Congolese authorities indicted Sheka for the crime against humanity of rape.
In November 2011, the UN Security Council added Sheka to the UN sanctions list, freezing his assets and imposing a worldwide travel ban.
On 26 July 2017, Sheka surrendered to UN peacekeepers in Mutongo, North Kivu province, DRC, where he was arrested and later transferred to Goma.