Roger Lumbala is a Congolese national. He is the former leader of the Rassemblement congolais pour la démocratie-National (Congolese Rally for National Democracy, or RCD-N)
In 2003 the United Nations published a report implicating the RCD-N in crimes against humanity, including rape, summary executions, mutilation and cannibalism during the second civil war in the DRC.
Lumbala is accused of crimes that took place between 2000 and 2003 in the provinces of Ituri and Haut-Uélé (northeastern DRC). At the time, Lumbala was the leader of the RCD-N.
The Office of the Prosecutor of the French Specialized Unit for the prosecution of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture within the Paris Tribunal (integrated in 2019 within the newly created French National Anti-Terrorist Prosecution Office) opened an investigation against Lumbala in 2016.
Lumbala was arrested on 29 December 2020 in Paris. On 2 January 2021, Lumbala was indicted for his alleged participation in a group formed with a view to the preparation of crimes against humanity and complicity in crimes against humanity.
Throughout the year, several NGOs as well as more than a dozen Congolese nationals became civil parties.
The investigation has shed light on the crimes committed during the military operation in the Beni-Mambasa-Bunia area by the alliance of the RCD-N and other armed groups toward the end of 2002. Evidence and testimonies were also gathered on crimes committed in Bafwasende and Isiro, areas controlled by the RCD-N in those years.