In 2000, a complaint was filed by victims before the Chadian tribunals. Chad did not follow it up, until things evolved in 2014, because of a parallel procedure in front of the Extraordinary African Chambers within the Senegalese jurisdictions.
On 11 October 2013, the Pre-Trial Extraordinary African Chamber issued an international arrest warrant against him, knowing that he was in Chad, were he was detained.
In the Extraordinary African Chambers Prosecutor’s initial indictment, released on 2 July 2013, the charging of Habré, and of five other individuals, including Younous, was required.
The charging of this latter was required by the Pre-Trial Extraordinary African Chamber on 3 October 2014, through an international rogatory commission that was not executed, because Chad held that this individual had already been charged by a Chadian judge. At the same time, Chad refused to transfer him to the Extraordinary African Chambers.
On 23 October 2014, the indictment chamber of N’Djaména court of appeal released an referral order of 29 alleged accomplices of Hissène Habré, including Younous, in front of a criminal chamber in the same town. The crimes listed by this order were the following: murders, tortures, deprivation of liberty, arbitrary detentions, intentional assaults and batteries, deadly intentional assaults and batteries and other acts of barbarism.
On 14 November 2014, the trial of the 29 alleged accomplices started in N’Djaména.
In parallel, the 13 February 2015, the Pre-Trial Extraordinary African Chamber released an order in which it referred Hissène Habré in front of the Assize Extraordinary African Chamber. At the same time, the Pre-Trial Chamber said that the status of “charged person” could not be given to Younous, first because of the fact that the international rogatory commission of the 3 October 2014 was not executed, because of the parallel procedure in Chad, and then due to the fact that this latter was not transferred to the Extraordinary African Chambers.
According to this referral order of 13 February 2015, Younous’ responsibility might have been engaged for crimes against humanity and torture under the joint criminal enterprise.
On 25 March 2015, N’Djaména court of appeal rendered its decision. Younous, together with seven heads of the security services, was sentenced to forced labor for life, for murders and tortures. Three accused were sentences to 20 years of forced labor, four were discharged and the others were attributed sentences from seven to fifteen years of forced labor.
N’Djaména court of appeal also ruled on reparations in its decision. It held that the 7’000 victims will have to receive FCFA 75’000’000’000, coming half from the sale of the convicted persons’ goods and half from the state of Chad, declared liable in civil law. It also decided that a building in memory of the victims would be erected and that the former headquarters of the DDS would become a museum.