Sami A. S.
Sami A. S. is a Syrian national. His case is part of ongoing structural and person-specific investigations in Germany for international crimes committed by members of non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq.
The structural investigation concerning crimes committed by non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq, including extrajudicial killings, torture, inhumane treatment, abduction for the purpose of blackmail and other war crimes, was opened by the German prosecutorial authorities in August 2014. It has resulted thus far in investigations against over 50 individuals involved in crimes committed by non-state armed groups, which have led to indictments and further prosecution on several occasions.
A part of the investigation is focused on the attack by the Islamic State (ISIS) against the region around the town of Sinjar (northwestern Iraq) in August 2014. The Yazidi minority was reportedly subjected to genocide, mass execution, widespread kidnappings and sexual enslavement in Syria and Iraq. In December 2016, the Supreme Court of Germany issued an arrest warrant against a high-ranking ISIS commander allegedly responsible for genocide and war crimes, including abduction and sexual enslavement of Yazidi women in Syria and Iraq.
On 10 July 2020, the investigative judge of the Federal Court issued an arrest warrant against Sami A. S. He was subsequently arrested in Essen (North Rhine-Westphalia) on 13 July 2020. Himself and another Syrian national, Khedr. A. K., are suspected to have jointly killed a person protected under international humanitarian law. Sami A. S. is suspected to have supported a foreign terrorist organization.
According to the arrest warrant, on 10 July 2012, Khedr. A. K. allegedly participated in the execution of a detained lieutenant colonel of the Syrian military forces as part of the the group Ghurabaa Muhassan, when it was then already part of Jabhat al-Nusra. Sami A. S. reportedly filmed the execution of the victim and commented on it in a glorifying manner.