Procedure in France
In 2008, the NGO Transparency international, supported by the NGO SHERPA, filed a criminal complaint before the investigating judge within the Paris Tribunal involving Omar Bongo, Denis Sassou Nguesso, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo.
In 2009, the Paris Court of Appeal dismissed the complaint as inadmissible. On 9 November 2010, the French Supreme Court (Cour de Cassation) annulled the Court of Appeal judgment, and found the complaint admissible.
In September 2011 and in February 2012, the investigating judges seized more than 15 luxury cars owned by Teodoro Nguema Obiang as well as luxury goods, such as fine wine and art work.
On 11 July 2012, an international arrest warrant against Teodorin Nguema Obiang was circulated.
In 5 September 2016, the French judges referred the case to the Paris Tribunal.
Teodoro Nguema Obiang’s trial took place from 19 June to 5 July 2017 in Paris.
On 27 October 2017, the Paris Tribunal (Tribunal correctionnel de Paris) found Teodoro Nguema Obiang guilty of laundering of funds originating from the misuse of corporate assets, laundering of embezzled public funds, laundering of breach of trust, and laundering of bribery committed on French soil from 1997 to 2011 for an estimated amount of 150 millions euros.
He was sentenced to a 3-year suspended sentence, 30 millions euros fine and the confiscation of the seized goods, including a luxury residence in Avenue Foch, Paris. However, the International Court of Justice should decided whether the confiscation of this residence, lately used as the Equatorial Guinea Embassy, is legal under international law.
Teodoro Nguema Obiang appealed his conviction.
The investigation regarding the “ill-gotten assets” in Congo is still ongoing. In August 2017, the investigating judges within the Paris Tribunal informed the parties that the investigation regarding the “ill gotten assets” in Gabon was finished.
Procedure in the USA
On 10 October 2014, the US Department of Justice agreed to a settlement following accusations that Teodoro Nguema Obiang used his position of power to collect more than 300 million dollars in the United States through corruption and money laundering.
This settlement forces Nguema Obiang to relinquish assets worth an estimated 30 million dollars, and prevents him from hiding other stolen money in the United States.
Procedure in Switzerland
On 31 October 2015, the Geneva Prosecutor opened investigations against Teodoro Nguema Obiang for money laundering and ordered the seizure of 11 vehicles. In July 2017, the Federal Tribunal confirmed the seizure of the luxury cars.