Universal jurisdiction database

Universal jurisdiction database

The universal jurisdiction database offers an overview of major criminal cases related to universal jurisdiction worldwide, as well as some cases of international crimes based on active or passive personality jurisdiction. These cases also feature in TRIAL International’s Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review (UJAR), published each year.

Unless stated otherwise, the cases in the database are not litigated by TRIAL International. While every attempt was made to ensure accuracy, information may be subject to change without notice.

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Mohamed Said Bekheitan

28.07.2020 - (Last modified: 29.07.2020)
Facts Mohamed Said Bekheitan is the Deputy Head of the ruling Baath Party in Syria. He was one of the nine high-level Syrian members of the security and intelligence forces in a Spanish case for alleged international crimes committed in in Syria since 2011. On17 February 2013, Abdulmuemen Alhaj Hamdo, a Syrian national born in Idleb, disappeared whil...

Faruq Al-Sharaa

28.07.2020 - (Last modified: 29.07.2020)
Facts Faruq Al-Sharaa is the former Vice President of Syria. He was one of the nine high-level Syrian members of the security and intelligence forces in a Spanish case for alleged international crimes committed in in Syria since 2011. On 17 February 2013, Abdulmuemen Alhaj Hamdo, a Syrian national born in Idleb, disappeared while delivering goods between the munic...

Mohammad Dib Zeitun

28.07.2020 - (Last modified: 29.07.2020)
Facts Mohammad Dib Zeitun is the Director of the General Intelligence Directorate in Syria. He was one of the nine high-level Syrian members of the security and intelligence forces in a Spanish case for alleged international crimes committed in in Syria since 2011. On 17 February 2013, Abdulmuemen Alhaj Hamdo, a Syrian national born in Idleb, disappeared while del...

Abdul-Fattah Qudsiyeh

28.07.2020 - (Last modified: 29.07.2020)
Facts Abdul-Fattah Qudsiyeh is the Deputy Director of the National Security Bureau in Syria. He was one of the nine high-level Syrian members of the security and intelligence forces in a Spanish case for alleged international crimes committed in in Syria since 2011. On 17 February 2013, Abdulmuemen Alhaj Hamdo, a Syrian national born in Idleb, di...

Mahmoud Ashuia

28.07.2020 - (Last modified: 07.04.2021)
FACTS Hundreds of migrants on their way to Europe were held in the Zawiya detention center in Libya where they faced systematic atrocities and physical and psychological torture. Mohammed Condè, Hameda Ahmed and Mahmoud Ashuia are accused of having run the center. The accused used the same procedure for their victims: photographs of the detainees were sent to thei...

Hameda Ahmed

28.07.2020 - (Last modified: 08.07.2021)
FACTS Hundreds of migrants on their way to Europe were held in the Zawiya detention center in Libya where they faced systematic atrocities and physical and psychological torture. Mohammed Condè, Hameda Ahmed and Mahmoud Ashuia are accused of having run the center. The accused used the same procedure for their victims: photographs of the detainees were sent to thei...

Mohammed Condè

28.07.2020 - (Last modified: 07.04.2021)
FACTS Hundreds of migrants on their way to Europe were held in the Zawiya detention center in Libya where they faced systematic atrocities and physical and psychological torture. Mohammed Condè, Hameda Ahmed and Mahmoud Ashuia are accused of having run the center. The accused used the same procedure for their victims: photographs of the detainees were sent to thei...

Osmann Matammud

28.07.2020
FACTS The Bani Walid transit camp, located in the town of Bani Walid, in northwest Libya is a detention center where migrants on their way to Europe suffer violence and extremely severe abuse for months. Matammud was the Director of the center. He and his associates would call relatives of the detainees on the phone, threatening to kill them if the “price of the...

Amesys (Nexa Technologies)

28.07.2020 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
FACTS In 2007, AMESYS signed a contract with the government of Libya to provide surveillance technologies for the purposes of intercepting communication and processing and analyzing data. These materials allegedly allowed the Muammar Gaddafi regime to repress the opposition and to commit serious instances of human rights abuse. In March 2014, NEXA TECHNOLOGIES all...

Hassan Faroud

28.07.2020 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
FACTS Faroud is alleged to have commanded a small unit of ISIS in the province of Homs, Syria. He is suspected of having ordered the occupation of Al-Sukhnah in the province of Homs and drawing up a “death list” of those who rejected the goals of ISIS and as a consequence should be executed. The executions included the public beheading of the local imam and at least...
FACTS Budengeri is suspected of having participated in the genocide against Tutsis in Rwanda 1994. Budengeri arrived in Norway as a refugee through the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) in 2006. He became a Norwegian citizen in 2014. The investigation against him started in November 2017.   LEGAL PROCEDURE On 5 June 2018, he was arrested by Kripos on su...

Fares A. B.

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 25.03.2021)
FACTS The accused joined ISIS in the summer of 2014. He was deployed in an ISIS prison where he allegedly mistreated at least three prisoners. Furthermore, he is alleged to have conducted raids, brought newly arrested individuals to the prison and guarded checkpoints. On one occasion, during an examination at his checkpoint, he allegedly hit a truck driver on the...
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