Biased referendum and international opprobrium
On 17 May 2018, the population voted in favor of constitutional revisions, including provisions for President Pierre Nkurunziza to stay in office until 2034. These results came as no surprise, as all opposition voices were muzzled in the run-up to the vote.
In its last report, the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Burundi found that in 2018, mass human rights violations were still occurring in the country. Reported cases of extrajudicial execution, enforced disappearances, arbitrary detention, torture and sexual violence may constitute crimes against humanity.