Universal jurisdiction database

Universal jurisdiction database

The universal jurisdiction database offers an overview of major criminal cases related to universal jurisdiction worldwide, as well as some cases of international crimes based on active or passive personality jurisdiction. These cases also feature in TRIAL International’s Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review (UJAR), published each year.

Unless stated otherwise, the cases in the database are not litigated by TRIAL International. While every attempt was made to ensure accuracy, information may be subject to change without notice.

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Luis Esteban Kyburg

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Between 1976 and 1983, the dictatorship in Argentina headed by Jorge Rafael Videla developed a policy of state terrorism, resulting in scores of human rights violations and crimes against humanity. Among these, at least 30’000 persons were forcibly disappeared for opposing the regime. It is also known that, in many cases, state officials tortured captive pregna...

Nurten J.

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Nurten J. is a German national. According to the indictment, she traveled to Syria with her three-year-old daughter in February 2015 to join the Islamic State (ISIS). She married a high-ranking ISIS member and they lived in free apartments provided by ISIS after the owners had fled or were displaced. The accused regularly invited to the apartment a friend who e...

Omaima A.

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Omaima A. is a German-Tunisian national. She traveled in January 2015, with her three underage children, from Turkey to Syria to settle there. By taking care of the household and children, she enabled her husband to participate in the hostilities as a fighter. Between spring and summer 2015 Omaima A. held a 13-year-old Yazidi girl, who was entrusted to her by a...

Khedr. A. K.

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Khedr. A. K. is a Syrian national. His case is part of ongoing structural and person-specific investigations in Germany for international crimes committed by members of non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq. Procedure The structural investigation concerning crimes committed by non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq, including extrajudicial killings, to...

Carla-Josephine S.

Facts Carla-Josephine S. is a German national.  In 2015, she left Germany with her three children without advising their father, who was entitled to joint custody, to join the Islamic State (ISIS) in Syria. In 2018, the house where Carla-Josephine S. and her children were staying in Raqqa was exposed to various missile or bomb attacks during one of which her eight-ye...

Kassim A.

Facts Kassim A. joined the armed resistance against the Syrian government in the city of Dara’a (Syria) in 2012.  His case is part of ongoing structural and person-specific investigations in Germany for international crimes committed by members of non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq. Procedure The structural investigation concerning crimes committed by non-s...

Fares A. B.

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 25.03.2021)
FACTS The accused joined ISIS in the summer of 2014. He was deployed in an ISIS prison where he allegedly mistreated at least three prisoners. Furthermore, he is alleged to have conducted raids, brought newly arrested individuals to the prison and guarded checkpoints. On one occasion, during an examination at his checkpoint, he allegedly hit a truck driver on the...

Mohammed Rafea Yaseen Y.

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 25.03.2021)
FACTS Mohammed Rafea Yaseen Y. was allegedly an active member of ISIS between 2006 and 2008 in his Iraqi hometown of Al-Rutba. Jointly with other ISIS members, the accused is alleged to have constructed explosive devices and used them for attacks in the surroundings of Al-Rutba that resulted in human casualties. Among the victims were members of the United States...

Anwar R. and Eyad A.

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 27.05.2021)
FACTS Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, Syrian intelligence services have reportedly been systematically arresting, torturing and killing opposition activists. In September 2011, the German Federal Public Prosecutor opened a structural investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the governmental institutions.   L...

Jennifer W. and Taha A. J.

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
FACTS In August 2014, Jennifer W. left Germany for Iraq and joined ISIS there. In the period between June and September 2015, she allegedly conducted the so-called daily “moral patrols” in ISIS-occupied Fallujah and Mosul by inspecting whether women’s behavior and clothing complied with the rules set by ISIS. While conducting such patrols, Jennifer W. reportedly carr...

Raad A.

30.05.2019 - (Last modified: 15.07.2020)
Facts Raad A. allegedly joined ISIS in June 2014 in Mosul. In October 2014, he allegedly participated in the execution of a high-ranking Iraqi civil servant captured by ISIS after the group took control over the city. In this context, Raad, together with other ISIS members, including Abbas R., allegedly escorted the captive to the execution site in Mosul and guarded...

Ahmad Zaheer D.

23.05.2019 - (Last modified: 06.04.2021)
Facts Ahmad Zaheer D. is a former member of the Afghan military forces. In this capacity, he was reportedly responsible for interrogation of captured fighters on at least one occasion. While interrogating three detained fighters, Ahmad allegedly severely beat them by hand and by a plastic tube together with another military official. He apparently beat a prisoner, pu...
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