Universal jurisdiction database

Universal jurisdiction database

The universal jurisdiction database offers an overview of major criminal cases related to universal jurisdiction worldwide, as well as some cases of international crimes based on active or passive personality jurisdiction. These cases also feature in TRIAL International’s Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review (UJAR), published each year.

Unless stated otherwise, the cases in the database are not litigated by TRIAL International. While every attempt was made to ensure accuracy, information may be subject to change without notice.

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Abdul Razaq Arif

22.03.2021 - (Last modified: 08.04.2021)
Facts Abdul Razaq Arif is a dual Afghan and Dutch citizen. He is alleged to have been the commander and the head of the Department of Political Affairs of the Pul-e-Charki prison in Kabul in the 1980s. The prison was reportedly notorious for its inhumane regimen during the Soviet-Afghan war, with detainees being illegally imprisoned, tortured and subjected to inhuman...

Eshetu Alemu

08.02.2017 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts In 1974, the Communist military regime, known as the Derg, overthrown the Emperor Haile Selassie I and seized power in Ethiopia. In an attempt to consolidate power and eliminate its political opponents, the Derg subsequently launched what is now known as Qey Shibir or “Red Terror”. The first wave of the Red Terror was officially declared on April 17, 1977 and r...

Guus Van Kouwenhoven

02.05.2016 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Guus Van Kouwenhoven is a Dutch businessman, born in 1942. In his capacity as Director of Operations of the Orien...
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