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Universal jurisdiction database

Universal jurisdiction database

The universal jurisdiction database offers an overview of major criminal cases related to universal jurisdiction worldwide, as well as some cases of international crimes based on active or passive personality jurisdiction. These cases also feature in TRIAL International’s Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review (UJAR), published each year.

Unless stated otherwise, the cases in the database are not litigated by TRIAL International. While every attempt was made to ensure accuracy, information may be subject to change without notice.

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Mohammed Condè

28.07.2020
FACTS Hundreds of migrants on their way to Europe were held in the Zawiya detention center in Libya where they faced systematic atrocities and physical and psychological torture. Mohammed Condè, Hameda Ahmed and Mahmoud Ashuia are accused of having run the center. The accused used the same procedure for their victims: photographs of the detainees were sent to the...

Osmann Matammud

28.07.2020
FACTS The Bani Walid transit camp, located in the town of Bani Walid, in northwest Libya is a detention center where migrants on their way to Europe suffer violence and extremely severe abuse for months. Matammud was the Director of the center. He and his associates would call relatives of the detainees on the phone, threatening to kill them if the “price of the...

Amesys

28.07.2020
FACTS In 2007, AMESYS signed a contract with the government of Libya to provide surveillance technologies for the purposes of intercepting communication and processing and analyzing data. These materials allegedly allowed the Muammar Gaddafi regime to repress the opposition and to commit serious instances of human rights abuse. In March 2014, NEXA TECHNOLOGIES all...

Hassan Faroud

28.07.2020
FACTS Faroud is alleged to have commanded a small unit of ISIS in the province of Homs, Syria. He is suspected of having ordered the occupation of Al-Sukhnah in the province of Homs and drawing up a “death list” of those who rejected the goals of ISIS and as a consequence should be executed. The executions included the public beheading of the local imam and at least...
FACTS Budengeri is suspected of having participated in the genocide against Tutsis in Rwanda 1994. Budengeri arrived in Norway as a refugee through the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) in 2006. He became a Norwegian citizen in 2014. The investigation against him started in November 2017.   LEGAL PROCEDURE On 5 June 2018, he was arrested by Kripos on su...

Fares A. B.

27.07.2020
FACTS The accused joined ISIS in the summer of 2014. He was deployed in an ISIS prison where he allegedly mistreated at least three prisoners. Furthermore, he is alleged to have conducted raids, brought newly arrested individuals to the prison and guarded checkpoints. On one occasion, during an examination at his checkpoint, he allegedly hit a truck driver on the...
FACTS Mohammed Rafea Yaseen Y. was allegedly an active member of ISIS between 2006 and 2008 in his Iraqi hometown of Al-Rutba. Jointly with other ISIS members, the accused is alleged to have constructed explosive devices and used them for attacks in the surroundings of Al-Rutba that resulted in human casualties. Among the victims were members of the United States...

Aung San Suu Kyi

27.07.2020
FACTS On 25 August 2017, a military crackdown started in Myanmar against the Rohingya people after militants allegedly attacked police posts in Rakhine State. The violent repression forced more than 740’000 civilians to flee massacres, extrajudicial executions and sexual violence. The United Nations Independent International Fact-Finding Mission in Myanmar conclud...
FACTS During the Second Congolese War (1998-2003), Alexis Thambwe Mwamba was a member of the rebel group Rassemblement congolais pour la démocratie (Movement for the Liberation of Congo, or RCD) led by Jean-Pierre Bemba. In October 1998, a plane from the company Congo Airline was shot down with 50 persons on board. The RCD, through the voice of Thambwe Mwamba, cla...

Abdulhamid A.

27.07.2020
FACTS Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, Syrian intelligence services have reportedly been systematically arresting, torturing and killing opposition activists. As a former member of the GID, Abdulhamid A. is suspected of having participated in crimes committed against the civilian population by the Syrian regime between 2011 and 2013.   LE...
FACTS Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, Syrian intelligence services have reportedly been systematically arresting, torturing and killing opposition activists. In September 2011, the German Federal Public Prosecutor opened a structural investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the governmental institutions. LEGAL PROCE...

BNP Paribas

27.07.2020
FACTS From 2002 to 2008, BNPP was the primary foreign bank of the Sudanese government. During this time, Sudanese government forces and its militia called the Janjaweed were engaged in an armed conflict with rebel groups. They systematically targeted civilians belonging to the same non-Arab ethnic groups as the rebels (particularly the Masalit, Fur and Zaghawa), in D...
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