Universal jurisdiction database

Universal jurisdiction database

The universal jurisdiction database offers an overview of major criminal cases related to universal jurisdiction worldwide, as well as some cases of international crimes based on active or passive personality jurisdiction. These cases also feature in TRIAL International’s Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review (UJAR), published each year.

Unless stated otherwise, the cases in the database are not litigated by TRIAL International. While every attempt was made to ensure accuracy, information may be subject to change without notice.

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Abdul Razaq Arif

22.03.2021 - (Last modified: 08.04.2021)
Facts Abdul Razaq Arif is a dual Afghan and Dutch citizen. He is alleged to have been the commander and the head of the Department of Political Affairs of the Pul-e-Charki prison in Kabul in the 1980s. The prison was reportedly notorious for its inhumane regimen during the Soviet-Afghan war, with detainees being illegally imprisoned, tortured and subjected to inhuman...

Luis Esteban Kyburg

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Between 1976 and 1983, the dictatorship in Argentina headed by Jorge Rafael Videla developed a policy of state terrorism, resulting in scores of human rights violations and crimes against humanity. Among these, at least 30’000 persons were forcibly disappeared for opposing the regime. It is also known that, in many cases, state officials tortured captive pregna...

Nurten J.

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Nurten J. is a German national. According to the indictment, she traveled to Syria with her three-year-old daughter in February 2015 to join the Islamic State (ISIS). She married a high-ranking ISIS member and they lived in free apartments provided by ISIS after the owners had fled or were displaced. The accused regularly invited to the apartment a friend who e...

Omaima A.

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Omaima A. is a German-Tunisian national. She traveled in January 2015, with her three underage children, from Turkey to Syria to settle there. By taking care of the household and children, she enabled her husband to participate in the hostilities as a fighter. Between spring and summer 2015 Omaima A. held a 13-year-old Yazidi girl, who was entrusted to her by a...

Sami A. S.

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Globe Global
Facts Sami A. S. is a Syrian national. His case is part of ongoing structural and person-specific investigations in Germany for international crimes committed by members of non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq.   Procedure The structural investigation concerning crimes committed by non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq, including extrajudicial killin...

Khedr. A. K.

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Khedr. A. K. is a Syrian national. His case is part of ongoing structural and person-specific investigations in Germany for international crimes committed by members of non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq. Procedure The structural investigation concerning crimes committed by non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq, including extrajudicial killings, to...

Carla-Josephine S.

19.03.2021
Facts Carla-Josephine S. is a German national.  In 2015, she left Germany with her three children without advising their father, who was entitled to joint custody, to join the Islamic State (ISIS) in Syria. In 2018, the house where Carla-Josephine S. and her children were staying in Raqqa was exposed to various missile or bomb attacks during one of which her eight-ye...

Kassim A.

19.03.2021
Facts Kassim A. joined the armed resistance against the Syrian government in the city of Dara’a (Syria) in 2012.  His case is part of ongoing structural and person-specific investigations in Germany for international crimes committed by members of non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq. Procedure The structural investigation concerning crimes committed by non-s...

Alaa M.

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Alaa M. is a Syrian national. According to the arrest warrant, he worked as a doctor in a detention facility of the Military Intelligence Service in Homs (Syria). On 23 October 2011, a detainee suffered an epileptic seizure after being tortured during his interrogation. Alaa M., as a doctor in the facility, was asked to assist the detainee. However, Alaa M. ent...

Islam Alloush

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 01.04.2022)
Facts Islam Alloush (also known as Majdi Mustafa Ne’ma) was a senior official and spokesperson for Jaysh al-Islam, an armed group mainly active in Eastern Ghouta (suburbs of Damascus, Syria). The group was allegedly involved in the forced enlistment of children in the armed group, kidnapping and torture. Jaysh al-Islam is also suspected of being involved in the ab...

Eric Danboy Bagale

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 01.04.2022)
Facts Eric Danboy Bagale is a Central African national. In his country of origin he was a “Liberator”, the name given to supporters of General François Bozizé who brought him to power in 2003, after overthrowing President Ange-Félix Patassé. A member of the Gbaya ethnic group, Bagale had become a senior official in the anti-Balaka militias. These armed groups were fo...

Nabil Greseque

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 01.04.2022)
Facts In August 2014, Islamic State (ISIS) fighters invaded Mount Sinjar, the stronghold of the Yazidis, a Kurdish-speaking religious minority in northern Iraq. Thousands were killed and thousands of women and teenage girls were kidnapped and sexually enslaved. Nabil Greseque allegedly took part in the attack as an ISIS fighter. His whereabouts are unknown. Pro...
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