Universal jurisdiction database

Universal jurisdiction database

The universal jurisdiction database offers an overview of major criminal cases related to universal jurisdiction worldwide, as well as some cases of international crimes based on active or passive personality jurisdiction. These cases also feature in TRIAL International’s Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review (UJAR), published each year.

Unless stated otherwise, the cases in the database are not litigated by TRIAL International. While every attempt was made to ensure accuracy, information may be subject to change without notice.

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Salah Habib

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 03.04.2023)
Context Ongoing investigation into crimes against humanity and war crimes by supplying equipment and components allegedly used by the Syrian regime for the surveillance and repression of opponents, as well as materials allegedly used for the production of chemical weapons, through a company based in France and in the United Arab Emirates Type of juri...

Gibril Massaquoi

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 31.03.2023)
Context Pending appeal against the acquittal of a Sierra Leonean alleged former rebel commander. The Massaquoi trial was the first of its kind, where a national court travelled to hold the trial in the affected countries, Sierra Leone and Liberia. It is a unique example of cooperation between a prosecuting state and the country of commission of the crimes. T...

Bai L.

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 30.03.2023)
Globe Global
Context Trial of a former member of a Gambian paramilitary unit known as the “Junglers” or “Patrol Team” for crimes against humanity allegedly committed between December 2003 and December 2006 Type of jurisdiction Universal jurisdiction Suspect Bai L., Gambian national, alleged former member of the Junglers Country of residence of suspect Germany Charg...

Mohammed Ben Zayed

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 03.04.2023)
Context Dismissal of investigation of former crown prince, senior army official, now President of the United Arab Emirates for complicity in torture in Yemen Type of jurisdiction Universal Jurisdiction Suspect Mohammed Ben Zayed, President of the UAE, former crown prince and senior army official when the facts occurred...

Eyad al-Gharib

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 03.04.2023)
Context Conviction before the Higher Regional Court of Koblenz of one former member of the Syrian General Intelligence Service (GIS) for international crimes allegedly committed by the al-Khatib branch (also known as Branch 251) in Damascus. This was the first trial addressing systematic international crimes committed by the Syrian government and its intellig...
Context Ongoing investigation into the killing of Lithuanian filmmaker Mantas Kvedaravičius in Mariupol in the context of the Russian war against Ukraine Type of jurisdiction Passive personality Suspects Unknown armed forces Country of residence of suspects Unknown Charges As the case is at the investigation stage, no suspect has been formally charge...

Name withheld - Liberian national

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 03.05.2023)
Context Arrest and ongoing inquiries into a man suspected of war crimes during the first and second Liberian civil wars Type of jurisdiction Universal jurisdiction Suspect Name withheld, Liberian national Country of residence of suspect United Kingdom Charges As the case is at the investigation stage, the suspect has not yet been formally charged. The...

Amesys - two executives

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 29.03.2023)
Context Ongoing proceedings for aiding and abetting crimes of torture committed in Libya under Muammar Gaddafi’s regime   Type of jurisdiction Universal jurisdiction   Suspects Amesys as a company; two French executives of the company   Country of residence of suspects France &nb...

Nicolae Bogdan Buzaianu

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 03.04.2023)
Context Ongoing proceedings in Switzerland against a Swiss national for his alleged involvement in international crimes through commercial activities conducted together with former Gambian president, Yahya Jammeh Type of jurisdiction Active personality Suspect Nicolae Bogdan Buzaianu, a Swiss businessman who, through a complex network of commercial entiti...

Jamil Hassan

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 30.03.2023)
Context Investigation closed for international crimes committed in Syria in 2013 Typ...
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Islam Alloush

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 31.03.2023)
Context Ongoing proceedings against a senior official of the Jaysh al-Islam armed group for crimes committed between 2011 and 2018 Type of jurisdiction Universal jurisdiction Suspect Islam Alloush, Syrian national, former spokesperson of Jaysh al-Islam Country of residence of suspect France Charges War crimes including recruitment of...

Ahmed Nasser al-Raisi

17.04.2023 - (Last modified: 03.04.2023)
Context Ongoing investigation into torture allegedly committed by General Ahmed Nasser al-Raisi, president of Interpol since November 2021 Type of jurisdiction Universal jurisdiction Suspect Al-Raisi, Emirati general, high- ranking police official and current president of Interpol Countries of residence of suspect United Arab Emirates, France Charges...
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