Universal jurisdiction database

Universal jurisdiction database

The universal jurisdiction database offers an overview of major criminal cases related to universal jurisdiction worldwide, as well as some cases of international crimes based on active or passive personality jurisdiction. These cases also feature in TRIAL International’s Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review (UJAR), published each year.

Unless stated otherwise, the cases in the database are not litigated by TRIAL International. While every attempt was made to ensure accuracy, information may be subject to change without notice.

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Mohammed Rafea Yaseen Y.

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 25.03.2021)
FACTS Mohammed Rafea Yaseen Y. was allegedly an active member of ISIS between 2006 and 2008 in his Iraqi hometown of Al-Rutba. Jointly with other ISIS members, the accused is alleged to have constructed explosive devices and used them for attacks in the surroundings of Al-Rutba that resulted in human casualties. Among the victims were members of the United States...

Aung San Suu Kyi

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 29.03.2022)
FACTS On 25 August 2017, a military crackdown started in Myanmar against the Rohingya people after militants allegedly attacked police posts in Rakhine State. The violent repression forced more than 740’000 civilians to flee massacres, extrajudicial executions and sexual violence. The United Nations Independent International Fact-Finding Mission in Myanmar conclud...

Alexis Thambwe Mwamba

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 24.03.2021)
FACTS During the Second Congolese War (1998-2003), Alexis Thambwe Mwamba was a member of the rebel group Rassemblement congolais pour la démocratie (Movement for the Liberation of Congo, or RCD) led by Jean-Pierre Bemba. In October 1998, a plane from the company Congo Airline was shot down with 50 persons on board. The RCD, through the voice of Thambwe Mwamba, cla...

Abdulhamid A.

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 24.03.2021)
FACTS Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, Syrian intelligence services have reportedly been systematically arresting, torturing and killing opposition activists. As a former member of the GID, Abdulhamid A. is suspected of having participated in crimes committed against the civilian population by the Syrian regime between 2011 and 2013.   LE...

Anwar R. and Eyad A.

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 27.05.2021)
FACTS Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, Syrian intelligence services have reportedly been systematically arresting, torturing and killing opposition activists. In September 2011, the German Federal Public Prosecutor opened a structural investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the governmental institutions.   L...

BNP Paribas

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 01.04.2022)
FACTS From 2002 to 2008, BNPP was the primary foreign bank of the Sudanese government. During this time, Sudanese government forces and its militia called the Janjaweed were engaged in an armed conflict with rebel groups. They systematically targeted civilians belonging to the same non-Arab ethnic groups as the rebels (particularly the Masalit, Fur and Zaghawa), in D...

Jennifer W. and Taha A. J.

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
FACTS In August 2014, Jennifer W. left Germany for Iraq and joined ISIS there. In the period between June and September 2015, she allegedly conducted the so-called daily “moral patrols” in ISIS-occupied Fallujah and Mosul by inspecting whether women’s behavior and clothing complied with the rules set by ISIS. While conducting such patrols, Jennifer W. reportedly carr...
FACTS Saeed was a soldier in the Iraqi army and fought the Islamic State (ISIS) in Kirkuk, northern Iraq, in 2015. Between February and March 2015, he took several photographs and videos of himself posing with the bodies of enemy fighters, some of whom had been mutilated.   LEGAL PROCEDURE The trial of Kurda Bahaalddin H. Saeed H. Saeed before the Orebro Di...
FACTS In August 2013, Egyptian security forces attacked a protest in support of ex-President Morsi in Rab’a al- Adawiya Square, in Cairo. More than 817 demonstrators, including women and children, were killed during the event, and numerous acts of torture are alleged to have occurred.   LEGAL PROCEDURE On 19 July 2018, the Court of Appeal upheld the High Co...

Abdel Salam Mahmoud

15.07.2020 - (Last modified: 01.04.2022)
Facts In November 2013, Patrick Dabbagh and his father Mazen Dabbagh, both dual French-Syrian nationals, were arrested from their home in Damascus by Syrian Air Force Intelligence agents and detained for interrogation at the Mezzeh detention center. Neither one has been seen since. In summer 2018, the Dabbagh family received formal notification from the Syrian...

Mahamat Nouri

23.07.2019 - (Last modified: 24.03.2021)
Facts Mahamat Nouri is a Chadian politician born in 1947 in Faya-Largeau, Chad. Nouri worked as a postal officer be...
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RWM Italia

03.07.2019 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts On 8 October 2016, air strikes launched by the coalition led by Saudi Arabia in Deir Al-Hajari, Yemen, killed six civilians. In the place of those strikes, a suspension lug manufactured by the RWM Italia S.p.A was found. Other remnants indicated use of a guided bomb. Testimonies of eye witnesses stipulate that there was no legitimate target in the vicinity of t...
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