Universal jurisdiction database

Universal jurisdiction database

The universal jurisdiction database offers an overview of major criminal cases related to universal jurisdiction worldwide, as well as some cases of international crimes based on active or passive personality jurisdiction. These cases also feature in TRIAL International’s Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review (UJAR), published each year.

Unless stated otherwise, the cases in the database are not litigated by TRIAL International. While every attempt was made to ensure accuracy, information may be subject to change without notice.

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Umm Sayyaf

04.04.2022
Globe Global
Facts Umm Sayyaf and her husband, Abu Sayyaf al-Iraqi (Abu Sayyaf), a senior ISIL leader, are accused to have enslaved at least seven Yazidi girls and American aid worker Kayla Mueller in their home in Al-Shaddadi, Syria. While enslaved, they were allegedly subjected to torture, rape and sexual violence, beatings, and starvation. Umm Sayyaf allegedly routi...

Ahmad al-Y

04.04.2022
Globe Global
Facts Ahmad al-Y commanded Ahrar al-Sham fighters and took part in an offensive in the city of Hama in April 2015. During this time, he allegedly subjected persons who were hors de combat to humiliating and degrading treatment by posing with the corpse of an enemy fighter and kicking the body of another. In addition, he appeared in a video, posted on YouTube,...

Bai L.

04.04.2022
Globe Global
Facts Bai L. is alleged to be a former member of the Junglers death squad, a paramilitary unit in the Gambia believed to be responsible for carrying out widespread human rights abuses on behalf of former Gambian President Yahya Jammeh. According to the arrest warrant, Bai L. was a driver for the Junglers from December 2003 until December 2006. In that cont...

Mouafak Al D.

04.04.2022
Globe Global
Facts According to the arrest warrant, Mouafak Al D. fired a grenade from an anti-tank weapon into a crowd of people in Rejeh Square in Damascus, Syria, on 23 March 2014. The people were civilians from the Al Yarmouk neighborhood who were waiting for food parcels to be distributed by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Nea...
Globe Global
Facts Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, Syrian intelligence services have reportedly been systematically arresting, torturing and killing opposition activists. In September 2011, the German Federal Public Prosecutor opened a structural investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the governmental institutions. Othe...

Pierre Kayondo

04.04.2022
Globe Global
Facts Pierre Kayondo was reportedly a shareholder of the Radio Television Les Milles Collines – a radio station that played a fundamental role in the genocide, inciting massacres and spreading hatred against the Tutsi and moderate Hutus. He was reportedly a member of the Mouvement Republicain National pour la Démocratie et le Développement (National Repu...

Marcel Hitayezu

04.04.2022
Globe Global
Facts As a priest in the parish of Mubuga (southern Rwanda), Marcel Hitayezu is accused of having denied Tutsis who had taken refuge in his church food and water while providing food to the Interahamwe militia who attacked the Tutsis gathered in the church. Hitayezu contests these facts.   Procedure In 2016, the Rwandan judiciary requested t...

Isaac Kamali

04.04.2022
Globe Global
Facts Isaac Kamali is accused of having actively taken part in the 1994 massacres as he was working as an agent of the Minister of Public Works and Energy. He allegedly participated in the organization of the killings, providing weapons and vehicles to the Interahamwe militia. He is also alleged to have directly participated in massacres.   Proce...

Hamid Noury

08.04.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
FACTS During the war between Iraq and Iran, Iran’s Leader, Rouhollah Khomeini issued an order to execute all prisoners who were supporting the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI), an outlawed opposition group, as well as leftist prisoners. Prisoners at the Karaj prison, close to Tehran, were brought before so-called “death commissions” that ordered their a...

Eugène Rwamucyo

25.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Eugène Rwamucyo is a Rwandan citizen. He was the head of the Center of Public Health of the University of Butare, Rwanda, during the genocide in 1994. He is accused of having supervised the burial of Tutsi victims and of finishing off those already injured in the Butare prefecture. Procedure On 23 April 2007, the Collectif des parties civiles p...

Khaled H. and others

25.03.2021 - (Last modified: 29.03.2022)
Facts Austrian prosecuting authorities are investigating alleged crimes against humanity and war crimes committed by the Military Intelligence, Air Force Intelligence and General Intelligence Services including murder, extermination, torture, serious bodily harm and deprivation of liberty – in particular a former General of the General Intelligence Services...

Michael Sang Correa

22.03.2021 - (Last modified: 04.04.2022)
Facts Michael Sang Correa is an alleged former member of the Junglers, a paramilitary unit in The Gambia. The Junglers are believed to be responsible for carrying out widespread human rights abuses on behalf of former Gambian President Yahya Jammeh. Under his rule, from 1994 to 2016, human rights violations, including enforced disappearances, torture, extrajudicial k...
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