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Fred Bauma, a symbol of arbitrary detention in the DRC

03.06.2016 - (Last modified: 25.02.2019)
Fred Bauma is one of the most prominent figures of the LUCHA (standing for Lutte pour le Changement, the Fight for Change), a well-known NGO demanding democratic change in DRC. In March 2015, Fred was arrested by State agents during a peaceful demonstration in Kinshasa. Accused of inciting violence and rebellion, he was immediately placed in detention. TRIAL Internat...

Five Cases Submitted To The Special Rapporteur On Torture

03.06.2016 - (Last modified: 03.11.2016)
In Eastern DRC, torture is used as a widespread practice by the armed forces and particularly by agents of the National Intervention Legion (LENI), a specialist intervention unit of the Congolese National Police. From 2014 to 2015, local NGOs gathered numerous personal accounts from the population about cases of abuse, arbitrary detention and torture committed by LENI...


03.06.2016 - (Last modified: 27.02.2017)
For 10 days in 2012, the small village of Minova was the scene of a wave of violence: the villagers were victims of acts of mass rape, murder and pillage. The perpetrators of these atrocities were all members of the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) and the Congolese National Police (PNC). This case provoked a national outcry and 39 State of...

Pascal Kabungulu

03.06.2016 - (Last modified: 03.11.2016)
Pascal Kabungulu, one of DRC’s most prominent human rights defenders, was murdered in 2005 at his home. As the Executive...
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Sebastien Nzapali

31.05.2016 - (Last modified: 22.06.2017)
Sebastien Nzapali was born in 1952 in the Democratic Republic of Congo (previously Zaire). He was a member of Mobutu’s presidential guard and, in the period between 1990 and 1995, he led the death squads which spread fear and terror throughout the streets of the capital, Kinshasa. In 1996, he was Commander of the Garde Civile, stationed in Matadi. During this ti...

Stop Pillage: What is looting?

31.05.2016 - (Last modified: 18.10.2016)
Since the end of the Cold War, the illegal exploitation of natural resources has become a key source of funding for arme...
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Laurent Nkunda

31.05.2016 - (Last modified: 27.09.2016)
Laurent Nkunda (alias Laurent Nkunda Bwatare, Laurent Nkundabatware, Laurent Nkunda Mahoro Batware, General Nkunda) was...
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Building up capacities for human rights defenders

31.05.2016 - (Last modified: 03.11.2016)
TRIAL International believes that international law, when mastered and put at the service of victims, has the power to b...
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Report to the International Conference on the Great Lakes region

31.05.2016 - (Last modified: 04.11.2016)
In November 2015, TRIAL International submitted a report to the International Conference on the Great Lakes region in co...
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In August 2015, TRIAL International submitted a report on progress and obstacles in the fight against impunity for sexual violence in the Eastern provinces of North Kivu and South Kivu to the United Nations. Written in partnership with 11 local NGOs, the report describes the insufficient measures taken by the Congolese state and puts forward specific recommendations t...
Déborah Kitumaini Kasiba is the widow of eminent human rights defender, Pascal Kabungulu, who was assassinated in the De...
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17.05.2016 - (Last modified: 18.07.2018)
The Ruzizi Plain is situated in South Kivu Province and borders on Burundi. A conflict has raged for many years between the two ethnic groups that populate the plain, the Bafuliro and the Barundi, due to land-holding, economic and political rivalries. The local civilian populations endure regular waves of attacks and serious crimes, while the State authorities have ne...
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