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Sebastien Nzapali

31.05.2016 - (Last modified: 22.06.2017)
Sebastien Nzapali was born in 1952 in the Democratic Republic of Congo (previously Zaire). He was a member of Mobutu’s presidential guard and, in the period between 1990 and 1995, he led the death squads which spread fear and terror throughout the streets of the capital, Kinshasa. In 1996, he was Commander of the Garde Civile, stationed in Matadi. During this ti...

Stop Pillage: What is looting?

31.05.2016 - (Last modified: 18.10.2016)
Since the end of the Cold War, the illegal exploitation of natural resources has become a key source of funding for arme...
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Laurent Nkunda

31.05.2016 - (Last modified: 27.09.2016)
Laurent Nkunda (alias Laurent Nkunda Bwatare, Laurent Nkundabatware, Laurent Nkunda Mahoro Batware, General Nkunda) was...
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Building up capacities for human rights defenders

31.05.2016 - (Last modified: 03.11.2016)
TRIAL International believes that international law, when mastered and put at the service of victims, has the power to b...
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Report to the International Conference on the Great Lakes region

31.05.2016 - (Last modified: 04.11.2016)
In November 2015, TRIAL International submitted a report to the International Conference on the Great Lakes region in co...
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In August 2015, TRIAL International submitted a report on progress and obstacles in the fight against impunity for sexual violence in the Eastern provinces of North Kivu and South Kivu to the United Nations. Written in partnership with 11 local NGOs, the report describes the insufficient measures taken by the Congolese state and puts forward specific recommendations t...
Déborah Kitumaini Kasiba is the widow of eminent human rights defender, Pascal Kabungulu, who was assassinated in the De...
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Mutarule

17.05.2016 - (Last modified: 18.07.2018)
The Ruzizi Plain is situated in South Kivu Province and borders on Burundi. A conflict has raged for many years between the two ethnic groups that populate the plain, the Bafuliro and the Barundi, due to land-holding, economic and political rivalries. The local civilian populations endure regular waves of attacks and serious crimes, while the State authorities have ne...

Lemera

17.05.2016 - (Last modified: 03.11.2016)
On 8 August 2010, during the “KIMIA II” military operations carried out by the Congolese army against the rebel group Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), around 10 members of the army captured and raped seven women in a village near Lemera in the South Kivu Province. The military court of first instance convicted five of these soldiers. In addition,...

Kibibi

17.05.2016 - (Last modified: 04.11.2016)
In early January 2011, a simple fight between two men in Fizi (South Kivu Province) degenerated when a group of soldiers belonging to the Congolese army launched an offensive against the civilian population. Several tens of victims reported acts of rape, pillage and murder. Thirteen months later, nine soldiers – of whom Lieutenant Colonel Kibibi Mutware was the main a...

Djela

17.05.2016 - (Last modified: 04.11.2016)
On the fringe of an operation by the Congolese army in the village of Kibungwe (South Kivu Province) in February 2010, Lieutenant Colonel Djela Felix and his men killed two people and raped a woman. Their trial was held in 2013 before the South Kivu Military Court. Djela was sentenced to life imprisonment for the crimes committed, and the Congolese State was considere...

Bolingo

17.05.2016 - (Last modified: 14.09.2018)
In September 2013, in the village of Mukoloka in Shabunda Territory (South Kivu Province), Army Corporal Bolingo Katutsi forced open the door of the house where W. and E. lived, and raped them using his rifle. One of the two women had given birth just two weeks earlier, and her child was injured at the time the crimes were committed, dying a few months later. The Army...
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