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Facts Austrian prosecuting authorities are investigating alleged crimes against humanity and war crimes committed by the Military Intelligence, Air Force Intelligence and General Intelligence Services including murder, extermination, torture, serious bodily harm and deprivation of liberty – in particular a former General of the General Intelligence Services...

Nurten J.

19.03.2021
Facts Nurten J. is a German national. According to the indictment, she traveled to Syria with her three-year-old daughter in February 2015 to join the Islamic State (ISIS). She married a high-ranking ISIS member and they lived in free apartments provided by ISIS after the owners had fled or were displaced. The accused regularly invited to the apartment a friend who e...

Omaima A.

19.03.2021
Facts Omaima A. is a German-Tunisian national. She traveled in January 2015, with her three underage children, from Turkey to Syria to settle there. By taking care of the household and children, she enabled her husband to participate in the hostilities as a fighter. Between spring and summer 2015 Omaima A. held a 13-year-old Yazidi girl, who was entrusted to her by a...

Carla-Josephine S.

19.03.2021
Facts Carla-Josephine S. is a German national.  In 2015, she left Germany with her three children without advising their father, who was entitled to joint custody, to join the Islamic State (ISIS) in Syria. In 2018, the house where Carla-Josephine S. and her children were staying in Raqqa was exposed to various missile or bomb attacks during one of which her eight-ye...

Kassim A.

19.03.2021
Facts Kassim A. joined the armed resistance against the Syrian government in the city of Dara’a (Syria) in 2012.  His case is part of ongoing structural and person-specific investigations in Germany for international crimes committed by members of non-state armed groups in Syria and Iraq. Procedure The structural investigation concerning crimes committed by non-s...

Alaa M.

19.03.2021 - (Last modified: 08.04.2021)
Facts Alaa M. is a Syrian national. According to the arrest warrant, he worked as a doctor in a detention facility of the Military Intelligence Service in Homs (Syria). On 23 October 2011, a detainee suffered an epileptic seizure after being tortured during his interrogation. Alaa M., as a doctor in the facility, was asked to assist the detainee. However, Alaa M. ent...

Islam Alloush

19.03.2021
Facts Islam Alloush (also known as Majdi Mustafa Ne’ma) was a senior official and spokesperson for Jaysh al-Islam, an armed group mainly active in Eastern Ghouta (suburbs of Damascus, Syria). The group was allegedly involved in the forced enlistment of children in the armed group, kidnapping and torture. Jaysh al-Islam is also suspected of being involved in the ab...

Nabil Greseque

19.03.2021
Facts In August 2014, Islamic State (ISIS) fighters invaded Mount Sinjar, the stronghold of the Yazidis, a Kurdish-speaking religious minority in northern Iraq. Thousands were killed and thousands of women and teenage girls were kidnapped and sexually enslaved. Nabil Greseque allegedly took part in the attack as an ISIS fighter. His whereabouts are unknown. Pro...

Sabri Essid

19.03.2021
Facts In August 2014, Islamic State (ISIS) fighters invaded Mount Sinjar, the stronghold of the Yazidis, a Kurdish-speaking religious minority in northern Iraq. Thousands were killed and thousands of women and teenage girls were kidnapped and sexually enslaved. Sabri Essid allegedly took part in the attack as an ISIS fighter. His whereabouts are unknown. Procedur...
Exactly 39 years ago, Syrian armed forces began besieging the city of Hama as a retaliation for an attempted uprising by...
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Rifaat Al-Assad

29.07.2020
Contrary to the other cases of the universal jurisdiction database, TRIAL International is actively involved in this case. Detailed information is therefore available on this page.

Anwar R. and Eyad A.

27.07.2020 - (Last modified: 07.04.2021)
FACTS Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, Syrian intelligence services have reportedly been systematically arresting, torturing and killing opposition activists. In September 2011, the German Federal Public Prosecutor opened a structural investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the governmental institutions.   L...
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