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Rifaat Al-Assad

Contrary to the other cases of the universal jurisdiction database, TRIAL International is actively involved in this case. Detailed information is therefore available on this page.
FACTS Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, Syrian intelligence services have reportedly been systematically arresting, torturing and killing opposition activists. In September 2011, the German Federal Public Prosecutor opened a structural investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the governmental institutions. LEGAL PROCE...

Abdel Salam Mahmoud

Facts In November 2013, Patrick Dabbagh and his father Mazen Dabbagh, both dual French-Syrian nationals, were arrested from their home in Damascus by Syrian Air Force Intelligence agents and detained for interrogation at the Mezzeh detention center. Neither one has been seen since. In summer 2018, the Dabbagh family received formal notification from the Syr...
The trial against Anwar Raslan and Eyad al-Gharib, two former officers of the Syrian government's security apparatus ope...
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03.07.2019 - (Last modified: 12.08.2019)
Facts The brutal crackdown led by the Syrian regime against its civil society since March 2011 escalated in a conflict that caused more than 400’000 deaths, mainly of civilians. The crackdown also included innumerable arbitrary detentions, enforced disappearances, and cases of systematic torture in detention centres. In the early years of the conflict, the regime of...

Lafarge / Eric Olsen and others

03.07.2019 - (Last modified: 14.07.2020)
Facts Lafarge is a French company created in 1833 and considered as a global leader in construction material and as one of the major actors in cement, aggregates and concrete production. The company is present and active in 61 countries, including Syria. It merged with the Swiss Group Holcim in July 2015. The company declares a sales annual revenue of 8,6 billion eur...
(Geneva, Berlin, New York, 3 June 2019) Three groups working on accountability for atrocity crimes – the Syrian Archiv...
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Mohamad K.

23.05.2019 - (Last modified: 15.07.2020)
Facts Mohamad K. is a former member of the Free Syrian Army (FSA). He was accused of having committed war crimes in Idlib, Syria. Jointly with two other members of the FSA, Mohamad allegedly captured and detained two members of an armed group fighting on the side of the Syrian government for an unknown period of time between January 2012 and January 2013. To punish t...

Mustafa K., Abdullah K., Sultan K., and Ahmed K.

10.05.2019 - (Last modified: 15.07.2020)
Facts In November 2012, Mustafa K., Abdullah K., Sultan K., and Ahmed K. allegedly joined Jabhat al-Nusra (rebellious terrorist group) in Syria and fought against Syrian government troops in the city of Ras al-Ayn in northern Syria. Mustafa K., Sultan K., and other Jabhat al-Nusra members reportedly captured an official of the regime of Bashar al-Assad and forced his...
Three groups working on accountability for atrocious crimes in Syria are asking why the European Union’s sanctions regim...
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Jamil Hassan

22.03.2019 - (Last modified: 15.07.2020)
Facts Jamil Hassan was born in 1953 in Homs, Syria. Adviser of the President Bashar al-Assad, he became in 2009 the Chi...
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“Hama 82 belongs to a long story of injustice”

12.07.2018 - (Last modified: 19.12.2018)
On 2 February 1982, Syrian government forces, including the Defense Brigades, attacked the city of Hama to crush opponen...
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